Each domain name has a publicly accessible record which includes personal information of the owner. We called it a WHOIS records which includes the registered contact information of any domain owner. Your name, address, city, state, zip, country, phone number and e-mail address may be listed in the records in WHOIS domain database. It also shows when you have registered a domain and when it expires, where you host your site, as well as other technical details. You can see the record for your domain by going to who.is and put your domain name in the field “WHOIS Search, Domain Name, Website, and IP Tools”, and then click on the “Search” button. These records are available at any time to anyone who does a search.
ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) requires domain registrars to provide accurate contact information. It is used for certain legitimate purposes, such as checking the owner of a domain name in a transfer request. Law enforcement agencies can use it in the investigation of illegal activities on the Internet. Companies or individuals can also use these records to contact the owners of domains that violate copyright or other proprietary rights.
Your domain record can be used in ways that are not legal or desirable. Since anyone can look at the WhoIs record which includes spammers, hackers, identity thieves and stalkers which may use your personal information! Unethical companies to check the expiration date of the domain expiration will send official looking “renewal” notices in an attempt to get the domain owners to transfer domains for your company or send “bills”, which are the application for the provision of search engine submission and other questionable services. Both e-mail and regular mail spammers use Whois database to contact the domain owner to abuse as well.
Many domain registrars now offer a service called domain private protection. When selecting this service, your personal information will not be displayed on the WhoIs database and will change it with the default domain registrar company data.
After activating the privacy protection of your domain your personal information is no longer available publicly and spammers can not use it to find your e-mail address, or send you any type of fraudulent messages to extend the domain notices from other companies.